E-Discovery, What is the EDRM?
Electronic Discovery Reference Model or the EDRM is a framework that states or outlines the standards for the discovery and recovery of digital information or data. Electronic Discovery Reference Model is designed and made to play a guidance role when assimilating or gathering electronic information or data during a legal process such as when gathering a crime-related evidence. This framework acts as the conceptual standard during the e-discovery activity or process. What this means is that anyone using the EDRM is at a liberty to use a given number of the outlined steps in the model. It is therefore not a must for you to use all the given steps in this model. Below are some of the steps that you are likely to encounter in the Electronic Discovery Reference Model:
- Information management– This step involves putting your electronic house in good order so as to mitigate or reduce the risks associated with e-discovery. This step also minimizes the expenses during the e-discovery process.
- Identification- This step involves locating the actual sources of information. This helps to ascertain the exact type of data and also how it can be managed. As a result, this is a very crucial stage as the nature and type of data will always determine how it is managed.
- Preservation– This step ensures that the relevant ESI is efficiently and properly stored. To ensure this, some measures including the deletion and retention schedules are applied.
- Collection– This is the step where information or data to be used in e-discovery is gathered or collected.
- Processing– The next step in the EDRM is the processing. In this stage, the relevant ESI is reduced in volume and is also converted for analysis and reviewing purposes.
- Review- This is the step in which the data is analyzed and reviewed to determine their relevance to the e-discovery process.
- Analysis- The next step after the review is the analysis stage. In this step, evaluation of the ESI is carried out for context and also for content. This step involves both key topics and patterns.
- Production- In this step, the ESI is delivered to the necessary or relevant parties for the right course of action to be carried out.
- Presentation– This is the final step in EDRM. In this stage, the data found is displayed at hearings or even trials. Remember that the goal of e-discovery is mostly to gather information for a legal purpose, it is therefore very critical that the findings be represented in a good and professional manner so as to persuade a bench or a jury.
As you can see, there are several steps outlined in the EDRM to guide you through electronic data recovery process. It is very important to know the steps that can be applied at a specific case as it may not be possible to carry out all these steps on any type of data. Data plays a very vital role in any undertaking, and as such, care should be taken when retrieving or discovering data to ensure that the data is not damaged or lost permanently.